SDG 14: Reduce marine pollution





Coastal waters receive a variety of land-based pollutants, among them untreated sewage. This is a problem for the ecosystem and human health indirectly, through the consumption of fish and seafood
as well as directly through skin contact. Among the three major sources of nutrient pollution are emissions from combustion. Ships burning heavy crude oil, as well as off-shore oil and gas operations can cause offshore marine pollution through ocean-based dumping. Often ship motors continue to run in ports to generate electricity for berthing, loading and unloading. Electrification can significantly reduce marine pollution.


14.1 Significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, including from land-based activities, and nutrient pollution

A move from combustion engines to electric motors in agriculture, industry and transportation can significantly reduce nutrient pollution. Electrification of shipping at sea and when anchored in harbours, during loading and unloading of goods can significantly contribute to reducing pollution in ports and the open sea. Ensuring the proper functioning and safety of all activities and devices on offshore platforms
and during oil drilling through testing and certification can help avoid spills that can deeply affect marine
life and coastal areas. Water treatment plants can significantly reduce marine pollution through raw sewage. IEC work applies to all these areas.



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